Klymenko N. F.
PhD., Full professor, Corr. Member of The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
The paper studies semantic field of a noun пояс in comparative aspect on the basis of Ukrainian and Modern Greek. The term semiohore has been introduced for the description, which is conducted by the analogy with the biological terms like anemohore – a wind spreading plants, fruits, seeds, and spores. Their second basis denotes the field of phenomenon spreading, its action. In linguistics these are signs, indicators of certain notions. Names of semiohores are nouns, which combine semantically similar words. Non-derivative and derivative lexemes (affixational and composite), separate nominations, which denote the same notions as noun–name of semiohore, native and borrowed words.
Semiohores are classified into separate groups: family of words, composite formations, families of frasemes, families of separate nominations.
The analysed semiohores demonstrate similarity of their primary etymological meaning, parallelism of developing transferred, terminological and specialized meanings, imagery closeness of phraseological units.
Key words: semiohore, composite formation, family of frasemes, family of separate nominations, semantic word-formation, term formation.
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