←2020. – Vol. 16

Oleh V. Kozhushnyi
Ph.D., Assistant Professor
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv




The author of the article claims that the translation of the Psalter into the contemporary Ukrainian literary language and its comprehensive study remain urgent for the domestic scientific and theological community despite the individual attempts to implement this project. The correlation of the Hebrew and the Greek texts as well as their adequate reproduction in the Ukrainian language, taking into account the active centuries-old use of the Slavic translation is a problem for the contemporary translators. Pointing out a practical way to solve this problem, the author proposes his own linguistic scholia to the Masoretic, Greek and Slavic texts of the most frequently used Psalms 50 and 90 and also offers a version of their translation. Analyzing the original texts, the researcher pays special attention to the basic poetic principle of the biblical poetry ̶ parallelism. He also analyzes individual lexemes, expressions and difficult-to-understand passages, which have repeatedly become the subject of professional discussion, and gives possible options for their translation. The material presented in the article will be useful not only for the Ukrainian specialists in the biblical studies, but also for philologists-translators, literary scholars, ̶ all those who are interested in hermeneutics and exegesis of the biblical texts.

Key words: Psalter, Slavic translation, Septuagint, Masoretic text, parallelism, modern translation.


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