Solomiya A. Antonyuk-Kyrychenko
Ph. D., lecturer
Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University
The article deals with the analysis of the derivative potential of the adjectives denoting the touch in poetical works of the Roman poet Ovid. It was revealed that the most common in the analyzed poetic works are adjectives with a non-motivated basis. The deadjectival derivatives are characterized by a four-zone paradigm with such semantic positions as: in the adverbial zone – adverbialization of the characteristic; in verbal – endowment with a characteristic and acquisition of a characteristic; in the substantive zone – abstract characteristic and rarely the carrier of the characteristic; and in the adjectival – the disclosure and denial of the characteristic. It is noticed that the groups of deadjectives in the adverbial and adjectival zones are marked by the largest number of derivatives, which are characterized by three word-forming types of derivation. The most common are the derivatives of the adverbial zone molliter and leviter, as well as the derivatives of the adjectival group udus, acerbus and firmus. It is identified that the deadjectival derivatives of the adverbial zone in Ovid’s texts mainly gravitate to the verb and take a pre-verbal position. The smallest group is formed by the deadjectives of the substantive zone. The adjectives of the verbal zone mollio and duro possess the highest frequency of use. In the analyzed context, most of the studied adjectives acquire a derivative or figurative meaning.
Key words: derivation, derivative potential, word-forming type, word-forming paradigm, word-forming zone.
- Aleksandrov, I. O. «K woprosu o klassifikaciii chastej rechi w indojewropejskych jazukach.» [To the question of the classification of parts of speech]. Woprosy teorii chastei rechi: na materiale iazykow razlichnych tipow (Leningrad, Nauka, 1968):. 107–115 (In Russ.).
- Wychowanets, I. R. Teoretychna morfologija ukrajins’koji mowy: Akademichna hramatyka ukrajins’koji mowy. [Theoretical morphology of the Ukrainian language: Academic grammar of the Ukrainian language]. (Kyiv, Pulsary, 2004), 400 (in Ukr.).
- Horpynych, W. O. Suchasna uktajins’ka literaturna mowa: Morfemika. Slowotwir. Morfonologia. [Modern Ukrainian literary language: Morphemics. Word formation. Morphonology]. (Kyiv, Wyshcha shkola, 1999), 207 (in Ukr.).
- Cherniuch, B. W. Istorychna hrammatyka latyns’koji mowy. [Historic grammar of the Latin language]. (Lviv, Wydawnychyj tsentr LNU named after I. Franko, 2008), 292 (in Ukr.)
- Ernout, A. Istoricheskaja morfologija latinskoho jazyka. [Historic morphology of the Latin language]. (Moscow, Izdatelstwo inostrannoj literatury, 1950), 319 (in Russ.)
- Ernout, A., Meillet, A. Dictionnaire etymologique de la langue latine. Histoire des mots. [Etymological dictionary of the Latin language. Word history] (Paris, Klincsieck, 2001), 833 (in French)
- Lindsay, W. The Latin Language. New York (2010): Cambridge University Press, 619 pp. (in Engl.)
- Plautus, T. M. «Miles gloriosus.» [The Swaggering Soldier]: Loeb classical library (In Latin), https://www.loebclassics.com/view/plautus-braggart_soldier/2011/pb_LCL163. 139.xml?result=2&rskey=VcYgTq
- Walde, A. Lateinisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch. Heidelberg (1938–1954), B1, 2: Carl Winter’s Universitatsbuchhandlung (In Germ.)
- Leake, C. «On the inseparable Negative Particle Νή.» The classical journal (8, 10) 26 (1822): 390–393. (In Engl.), http://books.google.com/books?id=iGwSAAAAIAAJ&pg= PA391&lpg=PA391&dq=latin+egelidus,+edurus&source=bl&ots=yDKnczf1KA&sig=0fAP_aGCaUJgvOTuK55ah2nwwms&hl=en&ei=GRRxToqZGs7Ysgb0veTqBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&sqi=2&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=latin%20egelidus%2C%20edurus&f=false