←2020. – Vol. 16

Nina S. Khrystych
Ph.D. (Pedagogy), Assistant Professor
Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhoriy Skovoroda State Pedagogical University




The article presents the results of the study of probability category in the popular science fiction novels “The Expanse” by James S. Corey and “Blindsight” by Peter Watts. According to the author, the pragmatic realization of probability category in the area “reality / unreality” is to analyze the pragmatic content of a particular communicative situation of interaction of communication participants. The analysis of the pragmatic content of the language units is focused on establishing those elements that carry information about the future. Pragmatic realization of probability category in the area “reality / unreality” occurs not only in a semantic-functional way of sentence construction, but also through modality. The research material showed that the semantic division of modality is determined by two criteria: quantitative and qualitative assessment of the speaker’s knowledge. Selected cases of modal probability are transmitted by units of different language levels: lexical, lexical-grammatical, lexical-syntactic and syntactic. The position of probability markers is significant to determine the degree of probability of information in the English-language utterance. The author believes that this problem requires a multifaceted study. There are still a number of issues that require more detailed study, namely, semantics of expressing degrees of probability, the plurality of means of expressing modal relations, and so on.

Kew words: probability category, modality, pragmatics, reality, unreality, science fiction novel.


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