Sound Phenomenon at the Beginning of a Word in the Estern Polissian Dialect Spoken in Novgorod-Siverskiy District

←2017. – Vol.11

Zevako V.

Ph.D., Ass. Prof.

I.Ya. Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University



The article deals with the phenomenon of prosthesis and apheresis belonging to the phonetic features of the Eastern Polissian Ukrainian language dialects. The most significant sound features of Siversk dialect are analyzed as well as its specificity in the Eastern Polissian dialect. The given dialect is spoken in the Northern part of Novgorod-Siverskiy district. Based on significant factual material collected by the author, the detailed comments are made on the realization of prosthetic consonants [v], [y], [h] and vowels [i] [o] used in the dialect. Special attention is paid to the system of prothetical consonants in a group of demonstrative pronouns in the article. Numerous examples of the historical interchange of consonants and vowels u //v, i //y at the beginning of the words have been given which appear to be specific for the Ukrainian language in general. The author characterizes, analyzes in detail and illustrates apheresis, i.e. an interaction of vowels at the intersection of words and morphemes as well as the loss of etymological vowels at the beginning of a word similar to the same processes in aboriginal vocabulary of the Ukrainian language and the borrowed one. In some cases, information in the paper is given in the diachronic, comparative  historical and sociolinguistic aspects. There has been proved that the phonetic and grammatic processes at the beginning of a word used in Siversk dialect by their nature and realization correspond to general vectors of Northern Ukrainian dialects’ development and respectively represent an integral part of the Eastern Polissian language area.

Key words: the eastern Polissian language dialect, Siversk dialect, phonetic process, a prosthetic consonant, a prosthetic vowel, apheresis.


  1. Dzendzelivs’kyj J. O. Konspekt lekcij z kursu ukrajins’koji dialektologiji. Ch. 1, Fonetyka [Lectures workbook on Ukrainian dialects. Vol. 1.Phonetics] Uzhgorod, 1965. 126 p. (In Ukr.).
  2. Zevako V. I. Fonetyko-gramatychni osoblyvosti schidnopolis’kyh govirok Novgorod-Sivershhyny [The phonetic and grammatical features of the eastern Polissian dialect spoken in Novgorod-Siverskiy district]. Aktualni problemy filologiji ta perekladoznavstva: zb. naukovyh prac’ [Actual problems of philology and translation: Collection of scientific works] Khmelnytskyi, KhPRS, 2015, vol. 8, pp. 64-67. (In Ukr.).
  3. Matvijas I.G. Grupuvannya govoriv ukrajins’koji movy [The Ukrainian language dialects groups]. Struktura ukrajins’kyh govoriv [Structure of the Ukrainian dialects groups] Kyiv, Naukova dumka, 1982. pp. 3-68. (In Ukr.).
  4. Pivtorak G.P. Formuvannya i dialektna dyferenciacija davnyorus’koji movy (Istoryko-fonetychnyj narys) [The formation and dialect differentiation of the Old Russian language (Historical and phonetic essay)] Kyiv, Naukova dumka, 1988. 280 p. (In Ukr.).
  5. Tymoshenko P.D. Zasoby mylozvuchnosti (evfoniji) ukrajins’koji movy [Means of the Ukrainian language euphony] Ukrajins’ka mova v shkoli [Ukrainian language in school] 1952, no 4, pp. 3-14. (In Ukr.).
  6. Shevelyov Yu. Istorychna fonologija ukrajins’koji movy [Historical phonology of the Ukrainian language] Kharkiv, Akta, 2002. 1054 p. (In Ukr.).